Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, after Russia. The capital and largest city is Kiev. It is rich in natural resources and has a developed economy with significant agricultural and industrial sectors.
From the 9th century northern Ukraine was part of the East Slavic state, which succumbed to the Mongol invasions of the 13th century. Ukraine was for centuries thereafter under the rule of a succession of foreign powers, including Poland and the Russian Empire. In 1918 a communist government was established in Ukraine and, in 1922, it became part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
In 1991, Ukraine declared independence and today it has a democratic form of government headed by a president.
View of Kiev, capital of Ukraine.
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